Perhaps one of the most commonly used terms we use in copy shops, copier rental and sales industry is the word, “xerox.” Upon entering a printing store, we often ask the faculty to “xerox” something for us. It is a term we use everyday and has been part of our language for the longest time, especially in the office. What a lot of people do not know is how this word came to be and as well as it’s difference from simply saying, “photocopy.” For a lot of people, the word xerox is simply a synonym for the word photocopy, just as the word loaf became a synonym for the word bread. But where does this brand name actually come from and how did it become such a widely used term?
The term, “xerox” was originally derived from The Haloid Photographic Company which was founded in 1906. This company soon grew to be one of the biggest international document management corporations in history, it’s products being used in offices all over the world. Electrophotography was invented by American physicist, Chester Carlson and was further developed by the Haloid Company. Through their combined efforts, they were able to develop a new kind of technology which they labeled xerography. This word has Greek origin, meaning ‘dry writing.’ Xeros was greek for dry, while graphia translated to writing. The term was invented in order to differentiate it from a different type of printing process named, cyanotype, which used cyan-blue print.
The invention of the first xerox printer was a hit and soon enough, every office had their very own Haloid Xerox Printer. The new Haloid printing machine, which used dry print, was more efficient and made less of a mess, since its predecessor used inks. It was so successful that the company even renamed themselves to Haloid Xerox in 1958, and eventually was simply renamed to Xerox. Through various models, the xerox printing machine made its way into homes and offices alike. Everyone used Xerox’s dry printers, that the company name became a noun for general technology and the consumers that used it.
During the peak of Xerox’s success in the 60’s, there was no official term to call the copied end product that went through a xerox printer. In order to distinguish between the original and the copied product, as well as the difference between a product copied by a Haloid Xerox printer and a Cyanotype printer, people referred it to the copy that went through the Xerox machine. The printing machines even had prominent and memorable X’s on it. Due to this, the name stuck. Photocopy, on the other hand, was a less intuitive term, since it literally meant to make a copy of a photograph using various inks and negative rolls.
Everyone in the office started using the term xerox, and soon its use expanded to the rest of the world. Today, the word, “xerox” is as common as there are dry printing machines in the world.
In our modern time, due to high cost of maintenance of this type of photocopier, more businesses choose xerox rental over buying one.
Even in our company, we receive a lot of inquiries for the term “xerox for rent” that finally made us decide to retain the word xerox in our website